Saturday, 6 June 2020

Swami Vivekananda

The great men of India - Swami Vivekananda

Swami Vivekananda was born in Calcutta on 12 January 1863, on the occasion of the festival of Makar Sankranti, into a traditional Kayastha Bengali family. Swami Vivekananda's childhood name was Narendranath Dutt (also called Narendra or Naren). He was one of the 9 children of his parents (father Vishwanath Dutt was a lawyer in the Calcutta High Court and mother Bhuvaneshwari Devi was a religious woman). He developed into the most effective personality under the environment of father's rational mind and mother's religious nature.
He was a spiritual person since childhood and used to meditate in front of the idols of Hindu God (Lord Shiva, Hanuman etc.). He was influenced by the wandering ascetics and monks of his time. He was very naughty in childhood and out of control of his parents. He was called a ghost by his mother, according to one of his statements, "I prayed to Lord Shiva for a son and he sent me one of his ghosts."
He was admitted to Chandra Vidyasagar Mahanagar Sanstha in 1871 (when he was 8 years old) and in 1879 to the Presidency College. He was very good in subjects like social science, philosophy, history, religion, art and literature. He studied Western logic, European history, Western philosophy, Sanskrit scriptures and Bengali literature.

Thoughts of Swami Vivekananda
He was a very religious person and was interested in Hindu scriptures (Vedas, Ramayana, Bhagavad Gita, Mahabharata, Upanishads, Puranas etc.). He was also interested in Indian classical music, sports, physical exercise and other activities. He was called by William Hastai (Principal of the Sanstha Sanstha) "Narendra is indeed a genius".

He was very enthusiastic about Hinduism and was able to create new ideas about Hinduism among people both inside and outside the country. He succeeded in promoting meditation, yoga, and other Indian spiritual paths of self-improvement in the West. He was a nationalist ideal for the people of India.
He attracted the attention of many Indian leaders through nationalist views. He was praised by Sri Aurobindo for the spiritual awakening of India. Mahatma Gandhi also praised him as a great Hindu reformer who promoted Hinduism. His ideas helped to explain the true meaning of Hinduism to the people and also changed the western world's view towards Vedanta and Hindu spirituality.
For his work, Chakravarti Rajagopalachari (the first Governor General of independent India) said that Swami Vivekananda was the one who saved Hinduism and India. He was called the "creator of modern India" by Subhash Chandra Bose. His effective writings have led many Indian independence activists; Like- inspired Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose, Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Arvind Ghosh, Bagha Jatin, etc. It is said that on July 4, 1902, he gave up his life while meditating for three hours in Belur Math.

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