Monday, 4 May 2020

Jyotiba Phule

1. Preface:

The land of Maharashtra has been the land of heroes and saints. Along with this, there have been such great human beings, who have done social reforms after enduring many tortures. One of such great persons was Mahatma Jyotiba Phule.

2. Birth introduction:

Mahatma Jyotiba Phule was born in 1827 in a Mali family in Poona. Born into this backward and Dalit family of society, Jyotiba was very sad to see the difference between man and man. He belonged to a family where reading and writing were far away.

Jyotiba's father wanted to teach his children. He wanted to teach this child Jyotiba even in the midst of severe social protests. At the age of 21, he was married to illiterate Savitri Bai. Although Savitri was illiterate, she understood the importance of education. Her husband's activeness in every social work shows this.

3. Their social work:

Jyotiba knew that the real progress of the country and society cannot be done until the child of the country is free from the bonds of caste and caste, as well as the women of the country do not get equal rights in every sphere of society. .

He then called upon the Indian youth to free the country, society, culture from social evils and illiteracy and to build a healthy, beautiful strong society. There is no religion for man more than social service. There is no better God service than this.

Considered the father of social reform in Maharashtra, Mahatma Phule worked for lifelong social reform. They did not consider reading and writing to be the legacy of noblemen. He found the distinction between human and human unbearable. Once Jyotiba went to the wedding of her Brahmin friend.

When the Baratis came to know that they belonged to the Mali caste, they not only insulted Jyotiba, but asked them to go out. "Even after reading and writing, you are of low caste, that's why you will remain low", insulted badly by saying this.

This insult shook them from within. What did they think of living in a religion that discriminates between man and man in the name of caste and culture. Such a narrow ideology has pushed the Indian religion to decline. He pledged to uplift humanity by fighting social evil.

Before removing this evil, it is a sin to think about yourself, taking such a resolve and started to fulfill it. His wife Savitri Bai supported him in this social work. Both of them established a missionary, which aimed at a sense of social equality.

Both of them gathered a nearby girl and started a girl school. The Brahmin class strongly opposed this. He was threatened with death. She gave many speeches and articles related to the need and utility of women's education.

With this unique passion of both of them, the girl's school started moving loudly. The British also extended this wide spread of women's education, the reception received in Maharashtra. Seeing the plight of a pregnant widow, she advocated widow marriage. The dilapidated society called for religion and scriptures.

The contradictions and insults from all these things made him feel that society would have to be freed from religious superstitions. Hence, he laid the foundation stone for an egalitarian, all-encompassing "Satyashodhak" society, whose foundation was science. He rejected the priestly intercession for the worship of God.

4. Epilogue:

Undoubtedly, Jyotiba Phule had at that time conceptualized a society that could give the light of knowledge, away from religious orthodoxy. The name of Jyotiba Phule, who founded a non-discriminatory egalitarian Satyashodhak society and encourages women education, will be unforgettable.

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