Thursday, 26 March 2020

Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar

Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar was the sculptor of the Indian Constitution and the first Justice Minister of Independent India. He was a prominent activist and social reformer. Dr. Bhimarao Ambedkar sacrificed his entire life for the upliftment of the Dalits and the progress of the backward classes in India. Dr. Ambedkar is famous for being the savior of Dalits. All the credit goes to Dr. Bhimarao Ambedkar for his position in the society today.

Dr. Bimrao Ambedkar was born in Madhya Pradesh, India. Babasaheb was born on April 14, 1891, at Mahu near Indore in Madhya Pradesh, the granddaughter of Ramji Maloji Sakpal and Bhimabai. When Ambedkar was born, his father was a gentleman in the Indian Army and his assignment was in Indore.

After 3 years, his father Ramji Maloji retired in 1894 and the entire family migrated to Satara in Maharashtra. Bhimarao Ambedkar was the 14th and last child of his parents. Since they are the youngest members of their families, everyone was dear.

Bhimarao Ambedkar Dr.Br Ambedkar belonged to the Marathi family in Maharashtra and his village is Ambwade in Ratnagiri district, being a Mahar caste, he was discriminated against socially and economically.

Not only that, even though he was struggling to get higher education as a Dalit, he managed to overcome all the difficult conditions and get higher education and prove himself to the world.

Dr. Bhimarao Ambedkar Education - B R Ambedkar Education
Since Babasaheb's father was in the Army, he had the privilege of getting education for his children. But being a Dalit, he was also faced with racial discrimination in the school. The schoolgirl used to give them water to drink from above and if they were on vacation, they would not even get water for drinking on that day. Despite all these injustices, Babasaheb became highly educated.

He became the first Dalit to study in the manner that Babasaheb took his primary education in Dapoli and then entered Elphinstone High School in Mumbai. In 1907 he earned a matriculation degree.

A ceremony was also organized at this time, impressed by the talent of Bhimarao Ambedkar in this program and he gave the book 'Buddha Charitra' written by Shri Krishnaji Arjun Keluskar himself. Later, after receiving the fellowship of Baroda Naresh Sayaji Rao Gaikwad, Babasaheb continued his education.

Babasaheb had a keen interest in his studies from an early age, and as he was a talented and intelligent student, he succeeded in making good marks in each of his exams. In 1908, Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar entered the Elphinstone College and made history again. He was the first Dalit to attend college for higher education.

He graduated from Mumbai University in 1912. As opposed to learning Sanskrit, he passed in Persian. He graduated from the College of Economics and Political Science.

Columbia University of America - Fellowship - Columbia University
Bhimarao Ambedkar was made defense minister by the Baroda State Government in his state, but here too, caste discrimination did not leave him behind and he was often humiliated. He did not work in this place for a long time because he was awarded a Baroda State Scholarship for his outstanding talent, which gave him the opportunity to pursue a higher degree at Columbia University in New York. He emigrated to the United States in 1913 to continue his education.

In 1915, Ambedkar received his MA Degree in Economics from Columbia University in the United States along with Sociology, History, Philosophy, and Anthropology. He later researched the 'commerce of ancient India'. In 1916, Ambedkar received his Ph.D. from Columbia University in the United States. The subject of his dissertation was 'Decentralization of Provincial Finance in British India'.

London School of Economics and Political Science - University of London
At the end of the fellowship, he had to return to India. On his return to India via the UK, he registered for the MSc and D.Sc in the School of Economics and Political Science and a BA in Law and then returned to India.

After returning to India, he first accepted the responsibility of a military officer and financial adviser in the court of the kings of Baroda, as per the rules of scholarship. He also acted as Secretary of State for Defense.

This task was not easy for them because not only did they have to suffer a lot because of caste discrimination, but no one was willing to rent them in the entire city.

Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar accepted Buddhism
In 1950, when Bhimarao Ambedkar went to Sri Lanka to attend a Buddhist conference, he was so impressed with the ideas of Buddhism that he decided to embrace Buddhism and convert himself to Buddhism. After this he returned to India.

After returning to India, he wrote many books about Buddhism. He was against the traditions of Hinduism and has even condemned the strict division of caste division.
In 1955, Dr. Ambedkar founded the Indian Buddhist General Assembly. His book 'The Buddha and His Religion' was published after his death.

On October 14, 1956, Dr. Bhimarao Ambedkar organized a rally in which he introduced Buddhism to about 5 lakh followers. Later he attended the 4th World Buddhist Conference held in Kathmandu. On December 2, 1956, he completed his last manuscript, The Book of Buddha and Col. Marcus.

Dr. Bhimarao Ambedkar's death - B.R.Ambedkar Death
During the years 1954.1955 Dr. Ambedkar was very worried about his health. Many diseases, such as diabetes, blurred vision, and worsening health conditions have worsened. He finally breathed his last at his home in Delhi on December 6, 1956, due to a chronic illness. Because of their adoption of Buddhism, they were cremated according to that religion. A huge crowd was flown in for their funerals and funerals.

Dr. Bhimarao Ambedkar Jayanti - Ambedkar Jayanti
Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar's work for the upliftment of the Dalits, his contribution to the society, and his monument was erected to honor his birthday. His birthday was declared National Holiday, which is a holiday for all private, government educational institutions. Ambedkar Jayanti is also known as Bhim Jayanti. He is remembered today for his invaluable contribution to the country.

Contribution of Dr. Bhimarao Ambedkar - Dr.Bhimrao Ambedkar Contribution
In the 65 years of his life, Bharat Ratna Doctor Bhimarao Ambedkar contributed immensely to the nation's creation by performing many works in various fields including social, economic, political, educational, religious, historical, cultural, literary, industrial, constitutional.

Dr. Bhimarao Ambedkar Books - BR Ambedkar Books
First Published Article: Breeds in India: Their System, Origin and Development (Castes in India: Their Mechanism, Genesis and Development)
Evolution of Provincial Finance in British India
Annihilation of Caste
Who was the Shudras?
The Untouchables: A Thesis on the Origin of Untouchables (The Untouchables: Who were they and why they became Untouchables)
Thoughts on Pakistan
The Buddha and His Dhamma
Buddha Or Karl Marx
After this, Bhimarao Ambedkar (Dr.Br Ambedkar) quit the job as a Minister of the Army and took up the job as a private teacher and accountant. Here he started a consulting business but here too he was pursued with a spirit of untouchability and his business was also banned due to social status.

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