Tuesday, 24 December 2019

Sarojini Naidu

Sarojini Naidu

Sarojini Naidu was born on 13 February 1879. She was the eldest of her eight siblings. Sarojini's father Mr. Aghornath Chattopadhyay was a noted scientist and social reformer of his time. Sarojini Naidu inherited these qualities from her parents. She was a talented student. She started writing poetry from childhood. At the age of 13, she wrote a long poem titled 'Lady of the Lake'. In 1895 she moved to London for higher education. She returned to India in 1898 and in December of the same year she was married to Dr. Govind Rajulu Naidu.

Sarojini Naidu was a revolutionary patriot and skilled politician along with (Bharat Kokila) Bharat Nightingale'. This freedom fighter and great leader was also a good singer besides a good poetry writer. Sarojini Naidu started writing poems in English during her school education. She became a member of the Royal Literary Society of London. She became the President of the Indian National Congress.

In 1925, Sarojini Naidu was elected president of the Congress. She participated in Mahatma Gandhi's Dandi March to break the salt law in 1930. She stayed with him in Gandhiji's every scene. India became independent thereafter. After that Sarojini Naidu was appointed as the first Governor of Uttar Pradesh. Some of his most well-known poetry-compilations were - The Golden Threshold (1905)  "The Fire of London" (1912) ¸ "The Bird of Time" (1912) and "The Broken Wing" (1917). Due to these poems, people gave him the title of India Nightingale.

She gave a special aura to the political horizon. Sarojini Naidu was one of those gems that were created and glorified by great heroes like Gokhale and Gandhi. She took part in several national movements with Mahatma Gandhi. Gopal Krishna Gokhale, Sarojini Naidu, and Mahatma Gandhi - all three were strong supporters of Hindu-Muslim unity.

Sarojini Naidu will always be remembered in the history of India. Her birthday is celebrated as 'National Women's Day' in India. National Women's Day in India has been marked as a general celebration of respect, admiration, and love for women. On this day many programs are organized by various groups of women across the country.

She had created a philosophy of his own - serving others and leading a simple life. They gave birth to four children. His second child Kumari Padmaja Naidu became the Governor of West Bengal in independent India.

Sarojini Naidu, besides leading an ideal matrimonial life, assisted women and patients in hospitals also increased the number of schools for girls and did social work. 
She died on 2 March 1949 at the age of 70 in Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh, India.

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